Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor will likely prescribe you with medications to help treat your condition. Aside from the lifestyle and diet recommendations, prescribing drugs is an automatic response of doctors to their diabetic patients. Sadly, majority of diabetics have developed an utter dependency to prescription medicines. People should have known better because they could have reversed the condition even without the prescription medicines.
Diabetes medication comes in many forms. The medicine prescribed to an individual generally comes down to what type of diabetes that person has. There are also other factors that doctors consider, like age, schedule, and other health conditions.
Type 1 Diabetes Medication
With Diabetes Type 1, you should understand that the pancreas no longer produce insulin which makes blood sugar levels shoot through the roof. Therefore the primary option for medication is to take insulin.
As of the current, insulin can only be taken into the body via injection or insulin pump infusion. Oral intake insulin is still impractical because the digestive enzymes mess with its effectiveness. There are many types of insulin, from long-acting ones to fast-acting types. More often than not, your doctor will prescribe a mixture of different types depending on your needs. Here are some examples insulin:
- Humulin R
- Novolin R
- Humulin N
- Novolin N
Type 2 Diabetes Medication
Type 2 diabetes, the most common type, is when the body doesn’t use insulin as it should. A person suffering from this type may need insulin but will probably need to take pills as well.
The oral medications available are also varied and work in different ways. It is very common to see Type 2 sufferers taking different pills. Some pills also come in combinations—two different kinds diabetes medicines in a single tablet. Here are classifications of Type 2 Diabetes medicines and their general functions:
- Biguanides – make the body more responsive to insulin; lowers cholesterol levels and glucose made in the liver; best example is Metformin
- Sulfonylureas – stimulate the pancreas to release more insulin into the blood stream; a very common side effect of these drugs is hypoglycemia
- Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors – also known as incretin enhancers, these drugs reduce blood glucose level by enhancing the effects of incretins to prevent DDP4 from functioning
- Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors – prevent blood sugar levels from peaking too much by delaying the conversion of carbs into glucose during digestion
- Thiazolidinediones – lower blood glucose by increasing the sensitivity of your body’s cells to insulin; usually taken in addition to metformin or a sulphonylurea
- Meglitinides – stimulate insulin production
- Incretin Mimetics – mimic the action of incretin hormones
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