Diabetes Type 2 is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the world today. Also known as adult onset diabetes, it becomes evident later in life, usually after the age of forty five years. Due to the late onset of Diabetes Type 2, it is reasonable to assume that there are risk factors for it and that it is possible to address the risk factors for diabetes type 2.
So what are the risk factors? Well there are several—some of which you can do something about and some which you can’t. Knowing and understanding the risk factors means that you can choose to reduce, if not eliminate some of them at least.
This is by far the greatest risk factor for adult onset diabetes type 2. Weight gain can creep up on you and before you know it, you have a problem. Aside from the risk of heart disease, being overweight means that there is a lot of fatty tissue around your body. This makes your cells insulin resistant and results in your blood sugar levels becoming raised and staying elevated. The clinical definition of being overweight is that your body mass index is above twenty five. If you fall into this category, you are at risk of developing diabetes type 2. When combined with other risk factors, such as age and genetic disposition, being overweight is an even greater risk factor.
Inactivity and Fat Distribution
These two factors go hand in hand and are obviously related to being overweight. Research has shown that the fat on your stomach causes a much higher risk factor for diabetes type 2. The fat stored around your middle area is far more detrimental than fat which is stored on the hips or thighs for example. When combined with inactivity, your risk increases. Inactivity will lead to increased weight gain as well as storing glucose as fat in your body, resulting in decreasing the sensitivity of your cells to insulin.
Family History Of The Condition
A family history of type 2 diabetes will increase your risk factor and this particular factor is not something you can change. Nor can you turn back the clock and change your age, which after forty five years, will increase your risk of developing diabetes type 2. Some racial groups also have a tendency to be more prone to diabetes type 2, such as Negroids, Hispanics, Asian-Americans and American Indians. Pre-diabetes will often progress to diabetes type 2 as will gestational diabetes. While gestational diabetes usually disappears with the end of pregnancy, it will most usually return later on. Likewise if your baby weighed over nine pounds at birth.
Other factors which can increase the risk of developing diabetes type 2 include hypertension, high cholesterol levels as well as a history of polycystic ovary disease and vascular disease. It has also been found that the more risk factors an individual possesses, the greater the likelihood of developing diabetes type 2. Some of the risk factors described above are not controllable, however weight and inactivity are. It is advisable to try and control the risk factors for diabetes type 2 which you are able to, while you can, to help your chances of not developing adult onset diabetes.
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